Photograph of Leclerc biscuit factory.


The dry biscuits industry takes its name from the hardtack (biscuits de mer, in French) made during the time of the colony. The term biscuit actually means cooked twice. Biscuits were hard and could be kept a long time. On lengthy sea expeditions, travelers, explorers and soldiers would eat biscuits instead of bread.

François Leclerc of Québec founded the Leclerc biscuit factory in 1905. The company is still owned and run locally.

Leclerc biscuit factory
Anonymous photograph, 20th century
Groupe Biscuits Leclerc ltée